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Facts about Australia

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Learn all about our cities, states and territories, what the weather is like, time zones, Australia's history, facts about our unique plants and animals and information on Australian visa entry requirements.

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Aquatic Australia is your comprehensive guide to some of the country's best aquatic, coastal and beach destinations and experiences.

Cities, States and Territories

Cities, States and Territories

Mainland Australia is the world’s largest island but also the smallest continent. The country is divided into six states and two territories.

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Weather in Australia

Weather in Australia

Plan ahead with this information on weather and rainfall in Australia’s capital cities.

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Time zones in Australia

Time zones in Australia

Follow our handy guide to Australia's time zones to understand the time in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory.

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The History of Australia

The History of Australia

Australia’s Aboriginal people were thought to have arrived here by boat from South East Asia during the last Ice Age, at least 50,000 years ago. At the time of European discovery and settlement, up to one million Aboriginal people lived across the continent as hunters and gatherers. They were scattered in 300 clans and spoke 250 languages and 700 dialects. Each clan had a spiritual connection with a specific piece of land. However, they also travelled widely to trade, find water and seasonal produce and for ritual and totemic gatherings.

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Australia's Seasons

Australia's Seasons

Australia is a country for all seasons. You can do practically anything here, at any time of year. There are four seasons across most of the country and a wet and dry season in our tropical north.

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Australia's Animals

Australia's Animals

Our unique animals are one of the many reasons people visit our country. Australia has more than 378 mammal species, 828 bird species, 4000 fish species, 300 species of lizards, 140 snake species, two crocodile species and around 50 types of marine mammal.

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Australia's Plants

Australia's Plants

There are an astounding 24,000 species of native plants in Australia, making the country's flora one of our most prized assets. Here are some of the more common species, and where you can spot them in the wild.

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Take a look at what's happening across Australia right now