Australia's Plants

There are an astounding 24,000 species of native plants in Australia, making the country's flora one of our most prized assets. Here are some of the more common species, and where you can spot them in the wild. Australia's Plants
Site Requires Javascript - turn on javascript!

Australia's Native Plants

There are an astounding 24,000 species of native plants in Australia, making the country's flora one of our most prized assets. Here are some of the more common species, and where you can spot them in the wild.


 

Acacia (Wattles)

Australia boasts more than 1,200 species of Acacia, which are commonly known as wattle trees. The golden wattle is Australia’s floral emblem, and is widespread around Canberra, in southern New South Wales, in the Adelaide Hills and Victoria. The flowering season is spring and summer, and Wattle Day is celebrated on 1 September each year.

Eucalypts

With 2,800 species of eucalypts (gum trees), these are the trees most commonly associated with Australia. Eucalypts are found in many areas, from the silver and red snow gums of the Australian Alps to the ancient river red gums in South Australia’s Flinders Ranges. The Blue Mountains is home to the world’s most diverse range of eucalypt species and in fact, the Blue Mountains gets its name from the blue haze believed to be created from the oil-bearing trees. Koalas feed exclusively on certain species of eucalypts.

Proteaceae

The Proteaceae family of flowering plants, including banksias, grevilleas and waratahs, are among Australia’s most popular natives. A key characteristic of the Proteaceae family is that flower heads are made up of a number of small flowers. The waratah is widespread in the national parks along the New South Wales coastline.

Melaleuca

Known locally as paperbarks, tea trees or honey myrtles, Melaleuca is a genus of around 170 species in the Myrtle family, of which the majority are endemic to Australia. They are usually found along watercourses or the edges of swamps, and can grow in a variety of soil types. Melaleuca is notable for its essential oils, which are marketed as tea tree oil.

Wildflowers

Wildflowers turn the arid and savanna grassland areas of Australia into carpets of colour when in season. From June until September, more than 12,000 species of wildflower can be seen blooming across Western Australia. From late August to mid-October, more than 100 varieties of wildflower can be seen on Kangaroo Island in South Australia; many are unique to the island. During mid-summer the plains around Mount Kosciuszko erupt in masses of yellow billy buttons, pink trigger plants and silver and white snow daisies. Wildflowers are a protected species in Australia, so please don’t be tempted to pick them.

Haemodoraceae 

The Haemodoraceae family comprises more than 100 species, including the iconic Kangaroo Paw. Eleven species of Kangaroo Paw are indigenous to the southwest of Western Australia and can be spotted along creeks, forests and swamps. Kangaroo Paw flowers between August and October and ranges from yellow and green to red, pink, orange or brown.

Eremophila

Commonly referred to as ‘emu bushes’, the Eremophila is a class of more than 200 species, which are endemic to Australia. These plants can generally be spotted in semi-arid and arid regions, and are largely found in Western Australia. Eremophila are known by their colourful shrubs, and produce fleshy fruits, which are often eaten by animals and birds.

MORE ARTICLES LIKE THIS

Australia's Animals

Australia's Animals

In Australia we have many native animals. Some are very famous, such as koalas and kangaroos, while others may not be familiar to visitors.

View more information

Add to your dream trip Add to your favourites add favourite
Australia's Seasons

Australia's Seasons

Australia is a country for all seasons. You can do practically anything here, at any time of year. There are four seasons across most of the country and a wet and dry season in our tropical north.

View more information

Add to your dream trip Add to your favourites add favourite
Time zones in Australia

Time zones in Australia

Follow our handy guide to Australia's time zones to understand the time in Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory.

View more information

Add to your dream trip Add to your favourites add favourite
The History of Australia

The History of Australia

Learn about the history of Australia, including aboriginal history, British settlers and Australian history and politics from the 20th century onwards, including WWI, WWII.

View more information

Add to your dream trip Add to your favourites add favourite