Only "discovered" in 1983, the beehive-striped Bungle Bungle Range in Purnululu National Park is a fascinating and enduring Australian story.
By Stephanie Williams
It's been around for 350 million years and revered by its Aboriginal custodians for at least 40,000 years, but the striking Bungle Bungle Range ('the Bungle Bungles') in World Heritage-listed Purnululu National Park was a secret from the outside world until 1983. Today this maze of orange and black striped karst sandstone domes, often likened to giant beehives, is one of the best loved attractions in Western Australia's Kimberley region. It's a spectacular landscape of sculptured rocks rising 250 metres (820 feet) above the surrounding semi-arid savanna grasslands and the most outstanding example of cone karst in sandstone anywhere in the world.
- Get an idea of the scale of the Bungle Bungles on a helicopter flight
- Go off-road on an overnight adventure to Bungle Bungle Savannah Lodge
- Visit Cathedral Gorge, an incredible natural amphitheatre of red rock
How to get there
Purnululu National Park is found in the Kimberley region, which takes up the entire north-west corner of the Australian continent. The park is located in the East Kimberley, about 100 kilometres (62 miles) from the town of Halls Creek and 250 kilometres (155 miles) from the town of Kununurra. You can fly into Kununurra from Perth, Broome and Darwin. Skippers Aviation offers a flight between Broome and Halls Creek via the town of Fitzroy Crossing. You could also fly into Broome and drive to Purnululu National Park; the drive along the Great Northern Highway passes through a classic outback landscape (wide and flat, with red earth) and stops at a handful of towns along the way. It takes about 10 hours. The final 50 kilometre (31 mile) track to the park's entrance is not sealed; you'll need a 4WD to gain entry.
Things to do and top attractions in Purnululu National Park
See the Bungle Bungle Range from the air
The Bungle Bungle Range was only known to local Aboriginal owners and pastoralists until a documentary team brought it to the world's attention in 1983. Director Guy Baskin was filming a documentary called Wonders of WA (Western Australia) when the crew saw the incredible formations from the air. Take a scenic flight over the incredible sandstone formations of the Bungle Bungles, thought to have been forged more than 350 million years ago. The orange, grey and black stripes are the result of alternating bands of sediment, each with different clay content. Choose from several tours to see the striking sight, including the Aviair Bungle Bungle Adventurer, Helispirit, Kingfisher Tours and Kimberley Air Tours.
Rest and restore near Purnululu
Inside the park boundary you can stay at the tented Bungle Bungle Wilderness Lodge, camp at the public sites Walardi and Kurrajong, or at the private campground, Bellburn. About 100 kilometres (62 miles) from Kununurra is the private wilderness park, El Questro, a million acre (4047 square kilometre) property boasting waterfalls, majestic gorges, forests, and four different river systems. You'll find camping and rooms at The Station and tented cabins at Emma George Resort. Or you can stay at the luxurious six-star retreat, El Questro Homestead. Alternatively, book a package with East Kimberley Tours, combining guided exploration with a night in the eco-friendly Bungle Bungle Savannah Lodge and a scenic flight over the area.
Learn about the area's Aboriginal heritage
Aboriginal people are thought to have lived in this region for more than 40,000 years, and the park holds rich, enduring traces of their life. Ancient rock art and burial sites can be found across the park and you can visit some of the sites with a local Aboriginal guide on a Bungle Bungle Guided Tour. They offer three tour options, from easy to challenging. You’ll forage for bush tucker and hear stories of the Aboriginal customs of the area, the flora and fauna, and the six weather seasons life is rhythmically centred around. You'll also find tour operators based near the national park and others in the regional hubs of Kununurra and Halls Creek.
Tour the park on foot
Early morning is a beautiful time to be in Purnululu National Park. With a 7am start from the Bungle Bungle Station Stay Caravan Park, the Bungle Bungle Expeditions 4WD Bus day tour is a great way to experience the park, with an experienced guide sharing their knowledge. You'll have plenty of time to walk the rock formations, see Cathedral Rock and the photogenic Echidna Chasm, where, at some points, you can reach out and touch both sides of the soaring chasm walls. To explore the park at an even deeper level, you can join a multi-day guided walk with World Expeditions. For five days you'll be based at a bush camp in the upper Piccaninny Gorge and enjoy daily exploratory walks, finishing your week with a scenic flight over the region.
See the park's other incredible highlights
In the southern part of Purnululu, hike into the enormous Cathedral Gorge, known for its incredible acoustics. Test out your vocal cords, then tackle the trail to Piccaninny Creek, a three-kilometre (1.8 mile) return loop. Experienced walkers can take on the Piccaninny Gorge, a 30-kilometre (18.6 mile) overnight trek. You can spend days exploring this remote trail to the spectacular gorge; you must register at the visitors centre before departing. In northern Purnululu the narrower gorges offer a completely different experience. An easy two-kilometre (1.2 mile) walk leads into Echidna Chasm. Or try the five-kilometre (3.1 mile) return hike to Mini Palms Gorge, home to clusters of Livistona palms and a traditional Aboriginal fertility cave.
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